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By Riikka Halme

Kwanyama ('Oshikwanyama' based on the professional Namibian normal) is a Wambo language, and correspondingly belongs to the Bantu languages. it really is spoken by means of way over part 1000000 humans in South Angola and Namibia.
Certainly this quantity comprises the audio system of different closely-related Wambo types in Angola. those languages were studied particularly little, and the learn in their tonal platforms has been really overlooked. the current publication is the 1st cartoon of Kwanyama grammar with a scientific account on tone. the most objective is to supply an research of the tonal method of this language. consequently the examine discusses either the lexical tone, i.e. tone as an inherent estate of a lexeme, and the grammatical tone wich marks grammatical houses. the writer lived in a Kwanyama-speaking group in Angola for roughly part a yr and had the chance there to enhance her linguistic competence. As a researcher she retains to the culture of Generative Phonology within the feel that there are ideas that take the tone styles from the underlying illustration to a binary floor illustration, i.e. tonemes. which will support the reader to keep on with the argumentation of the tonal research, this publication is organised in this sort of method that the segmental and tonal degrees are mentioned individually, by way of discussions on tone in nouns, verbs and minor be aware different types. After that, the examine is expounded to the broader context of study on Guthrie's staff R languages, specifically the Wambo languages. eventually, the reader reveals nominal and verbal paradigms in addition to a few texts, and a vocabulary Kwanyama-Englisch containing approximately 6,000 entries.

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