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Download E-books Straight and Curvy, Meek and Nervy: More about Antonyms (Words Are Categorical (Paperback)) PDF

By Brian P Cleary

"What Is an Antonym? One publication isn't adequate to discover the big variety of antonyms! The zany (not usual) cats convey a great deal of extra examples to demonstrate the ability of those opposites. Brian P. Cleary's playful (not uninteresting) verse and Brian Gable's comical (not severe) cats flip conventional grammar classes on finish. each one pair of antonyms is outlined in colour for simple (not tough) identity. learn this publication aloud and percentage the pride of the sense--and nonsense--of words."

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Download E-books Natural Phonology (Groningen-Amsterdam Studies in Semantics (Grass)) PDF

The sequence publishes cutting-edge paintings on center parts of linguistics throughout theoretical frameworks in addition to reviews that offer new insights by way of development bridges to neighbouring fields corresponding to neuroscience and cognitive technology. The sequence considers itself a discussion board for state-of-the-art examine in line with reliable empirical information on language in its numerous manifestations, together with signal languages. It regards linguistic version in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions in addition to in its social contexts as vital assets of perception for a greater knowing of the layout of linguistic platforms and the ecology and evolution of language.

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Download E-books Formal Issues in Lexical-Functional Grammar (Lecture Notes) PDF

By Mary Dalrymple

Lexical-Functional Grammar was once first constructed through Joan Bresnan and Ronald M. Kaplan within the past due Seventies, and used to be designed to function a medium for expressing and explaining vital generalisations concerning the syntax of human languages and therefore to function a car for self reliant linguistic learn. An both vital target was once to supply a limited, mathematically tractable notation which may be interpreted via psychologically believable and computationally effective processing mechanisms. The formal structure of LFG offers an easy set of units for describing the typical homes of all human languages and the actual houses of person languages. This quantity offers paintings carried out over the last a number of years on the Xerox Palo Alto learn heart, Stanford collage, and in other places. the several sections hyperlink mathematical and computational matters and the research of specific linguistic phenomena in components corresponding to wh-constructions, anaphoric binding, observe order and coordination.

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Download E-books Minimalist Syntax: Exploring the Structure of English (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) PDF

By Andrew Radford

Andrew Radford's newest textbook, Minimalist Syntax, presents a concise, transparent, and obtainable advent to present paintings in syntactic concept, drawing at the key strategies of Chomsky's Minimalist application. Assuming very little past wisdom of syntactic conception, Radford takes scholars via a various diversity of subject matters in English syntax - corresponding to different types and lines, merger, null ingredients, circulation, case, and cut up projections - and exhibits how the 'computational part' works in the minimalist framework. starting at an simple point, the ebook introduces grammatical ideas and units out the theoretical foundations of ideas and Parameters and common Grammar, prior to progressing in phases in the direction of extra advanced phenomena. each one bankruptcy features a workbook part, within which scholars are inspired to make their very own analyses of English words and sentences via routines, version solutions, and 'helpful hints'. there's additionally an intensive thesaurus of phrases.

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Download E-books Logical Form: Its Structure and Derivation (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs) PDF

By Robert May

This learn specializes in the relation of syntactic and semantic constitution. It investigates the concept that inside of generative grammar there's a point of linguistic illustration Logical shape. Its major assumption is this is a degree of word constitution illustration, derived by way of transformational operations from S-structure, and over which formal semantic interpretations are defined.The e-book explores Logical shape by means of focusing totally on quantificational phenomena and on how their specific syntactic illustration interacts with quite a few syntactic and semantic houses. one of the subject matters mentioned are the interactions of wh and quantified words, certain variable anaphora, branching quantifiers, extraposition and a number of interrogation.Logical shape includes numerous technical recommendations: the inspiration that LF-movement heavily approximates "Move α," a brand new method of characterizing quantifier scope, which makes primary use of the inspiration of "government," a singular interpretation of the relation of syntactic nodes and express projections, and an software of direction conception to the syntactic constitution of Logical Form.Robert could is Assistant Professor of Linguistics, Barnard university, Columbia college. Logical shape is Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 12.

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Download E-books Functional Discourse Grammar: A Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure PDF

By Kees Hengeveld

This e-book is the 1st entire presentation of practical Discourse Grammar, a brand new and significant thought of language constitution. The authors set out its nature and origins and express the way it pertains to modern linguistic idea. They show and try its explanatory energy and descriptive software opposed to linguistic evidence from over a hundred and fifty languages throughout quite a lot of linguistic households.

After a whole creation the publication is split into chapters occupied with the 4 degrees of grammatical illustration - pragmatic, semantic, morphosyntactic, and phonological - every one of which has its personal hierarchical constitution. sensible Discourse Grammar bargains an intensive account of the way the use and which means of language effect linguistic shape through conditioning degrees of formula which feed into degrees of encoding, all with their very own particular features. The e-book deals an awesome creation to the speculation and its purposes in typology and outline for students in linguistics and similar fields from graduate scholars upwards.

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Download E-books Under, Over, by the Clover: What Is a Preposition? (Words Are Categorical) PDF

By Brian P. Cleary

During this fun-filled publication, playful puns and comical caricature cats mix to teach, no longer inform, readers what prepositions are all approximately. every one preposition within the textual content, like below, over, via the clover, approximately, all through, and subsequent to Rover, is highlighted in colour for simple id. this is often the latest addition to the phrases Are CATagorical(tm) sequence, which has offered over 450,000 copies.

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Download E-books Noun Phrase in the Generative Perspective (Studies in Generative Grammar 71) (Studies in Generative Grammar [Sgg]) PDF

By Artemis Alexiadou

The aim of this e-book is twofold. at the one hand we wish to provide a dialogue of a few of the extra vital houses of the nominal projection, nevertheless we wish to give you the reader with instruments for syntactic research which follow to the constitution of DP yet that are additionally correct for different domain names of syntax. to be able to accomplish that twin objective we are going to speak about phenomena that are concerning the nominal projection with regards to different syntactic phenomena (e.g. professional drop can be concerning N-ellipsis, the category of pronouns may be utilized to the syntax of possessive pronouns, N-movement should be in comparison to V-movement, the syntax of the genitive development could be on the topic of that of predicate inversion etc.). within the numerous chapters we are going to express how contemporary theoretical proposals (distributed morphology, anti-symmetry, checking idea) can solid mild on facets of the syntax of the NP. while precious, we are going to supply a short advent of those theoretical proposals. we are going to additionally point out issues of those analyses, whether or not they be inherent to the theories as such (e.g. what's the set off for move in antisymmetric techniques) or to the actual instantiations. The e-book can't and won't give you the definitive research of the syntax of noun words. We think of that this is able to no longer be attainable, given the present flux in generative syntax, with many new theoretical proposals being built and explored, however the e-book goals at giving the reader the instruments with which to behavior examine and to guage proposals within the literature. within the dialogue of varied matters, we'll practice the framework that's so much enough to house difficulties to hand. we'll for that reason no longer inevitably use an analogous technique through the dialogue. notwithstanding proposals within the literature can be observed while suitable, we can't try and supply a serious survey of the literature. We suppose that this type of survey will be guided too strongly by way of theoretical offerings, which might no longer be suitable with the pedagogical reasons this booklet has. The publication is comparative in its strategy, and knowledge from varied languages should be tested, together with English, German, Dutch (West-Flemish), Greek, Romance, Semitic, Slavic, Albanian, Hungarian, Gungbe.

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Download E-books Language Typology 1987: Systematic Balance in Language. Papers from the Linguistic Typology Symposium, Berkeley, 1-3 Dec 1987 (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory) PDF

Those papers from the 1987 Typology Symposium ― a follow-up to the 1985 assembly in Moscow ― take care of the relevance of typology for old linguistics. Its program in knowing phonological and grammatical switch is tested for quite a few languages. Its relevance for program of the comparative process and the tactic of inner reconstruction is famous on the subject of the glottalic thought and difficulties in different language households. one of the numerous ways, alignment typology is mainly tested, with languages outlined as accusative, ergative or stative-active an method of which linguists of the USSR have made vital contributions in contemporary years.Among particular difficulties tested are tonogenesis in Na-Dene, the foundation of the genitive in ergative languages, and relative pronouns of Indo-European languages within the context of the Eurasiatic speculation. besides adjustments in different languages (like these of East and Southeast Asia), those difficulties are mentioned which will make sure basic and particular developments in language swap, and to give a contribution in the direction of the improvement of diachronic typology.

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