By P M Holt
"Early Mamluk international relations" is predicated on treaties among the Mamluk sultans of Egypt, Baybars (1260-77) and Qal w n (1279-90), and Christian rulers. the final creation describes the Arabic literary resources within which those treaties were transmitted. Their prestige below Islamic legislation is tested, by way of an outline of negotiation strategies, and an account of diplomatic relatives with the Christian powers. 3 treaties are with the army orders, 4 with Beirut, Tripoli, the Latin nation and Tyre, and 4 others with Lesser Armenia, Aragon, the Byzantine Empire and Genoa. each one part has an advent giving its historic historical past. The paintings bargains Islamic historians and eu medievalists documentary facts of a sort infrequent in pre-modern heart japanese background, casting gentle on advertisement and social in addition to diplomatic relations."
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