The flow of staff eager about long-distance exchange in Africa constitutes probably the most old and such a lot huge kinds of labour migration in African background. Focusing totally on the latter 1/2 the 19th century, the participants to this quantity research quite a few points of long-distance alternate: together with the function of the relations, salary employment, slavery, and the entrepreneur; the associations that mobilized and arranged the workforce; and the staff' remuneration and the buildup of surplus.
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