The significant textual content translated during this quantity is the "Ta r kh Al-s d n" of the seventeenth-century Timbuktu student Abd al-Rah m n al-Sa d . Thirty chapters are integrated, facing the historical past of Timbuktu and Jenne, their students, and the political historical past of the Songhay empire from the reign of Sunni Al (1464-1492) via Moroccan conquest of Songhay in 1591 and all the way down to the 12 months 1613 whilst the Pashalik of Timbuktu turned an self sustaining ruling establishment within the center Niger sector. The 12 months 1613 additionally marked the potent finish of Songhay resistance. the opposite modern records integrated are a brand new English translation of Leo Africanus's description of West Africa, a few letters in terms of Sa d an international relations and conquests within the Sahara and Sahel, al-Ifr n 's account of Sa d an conquest of Songhay, and an account of this excursion by means of an nameless Spaniard. This booklet has additionally been released in hardback, please click on the following for details."
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